Plants Poisonous to Cats

Plants Poisonous to Cats

There are many substances that prove to be toxic to all mammals. In the same way, plants that are poisonous to cats tend to have some or the other effect on the animal's health. These plants include many different types of botanical species such as house plants, indoor plants, and also a huge range of wild plants.
All mammals, including humans, dogs, and cats, need many different nutrients that are present in green plants, especially the leaves. Sometimes, you might notice your cat or dog chewing on the leaves of some or the other plant. Mammals like cats chew on these plants in order to consume some important nutrients such as fiber, vitamins, etc. The feline family has a habit of chewing on the leaves of plants that are kept indoors. The drawback of this habit is that there are some plants that have substances which are toxic to almost all cats.

At times, the chemical insecticides and other pesticides that are sprayed on the plants also tend to be toxic to cats. Many cat owners have discovered indoor and outdoor plants that are not poisonous to cats, having fatal effects on their pets due to the pesticides and insecticides. One of the best solutions to keep the cats away from these plants is to spray some diluted lemon juice on the leaves, as most cats hate the smell and taste of the lemon juice. It is also very important to cover up the soil of the plant with a wire mesh.

While selecting plants for your garden, you must exclude the following as they have proven to be fatal to many cats.

List of Poisonous Plants

| A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X |Y | Z |

A

Name of Poisonous PlantOther Names of the PlantToxic ComponentsSymptoms of Consumption
Adam-and-EveArum, Lord-and-Ladies, Wake Robin, Starch Root, Bobbins, or Cuckoo PlantInsoluble calcium oxalatesOral irritation, irritation on tongue and lips, excessive drooling, vomiting, and difficulty in swallowing
African Wonder TreeRicinus communisRicinLoss of appetite, excessive thirst, weakness, colic, trembling, sweating, loss of coordination, difficulty in breathing, depression, and fever. You may also notice some other symptoms such as bloody diarrhea. Ricin is one of the worst poisons for cats and can result into coma or death
AmaryllisBelladonna lily, Saint Joseph lily, Cape BelladonnaLycorineVomiting, depression, diarrhea, abdominal pain, hypersalivation, anorexia, and tremors
Ambrosia MexicanaJerusalem Oak and Feather GeraniumSesquiterpene lactonesVomiting, anorexia, and depression
American MandrakeMayapple, Indian Apple Root, Umbrella Leaf, Wild Lemon, Hog Apple, Duck's Foot, and RaccoonberryPodophyllinVomiting, diarrhea, lethargy, panting, and skin ulcers. The consumption of the American Mandrake is known to have resulted into coma

B

Name of Poisonous PlantOther Names of the PlantToxic ComponentsSymptoms of Consumption
Barbados AloeMedicine Plant and True AloeAnthraquinones, Anthracene glycosides which is also known as AloinVomiting, red colored urine
Barbados PridePeacock Flower and Dwarf PoincianaGI Irritants and TanninsVomiting and diarrhea
Bead TreeChina Ball Tree, Paradise Tree, Persian Lilac, White Cedar, Japanese Bead Tree, Texas Umbrella Tree, Pride-of-India, Chinaberry Tree Tetranortriterpenes, which is also known as MeliatoxinsDiarrhea, vomiting, excessive salivation, depression, weakness, and seizures
Bergamot OrangeBergamot and Citrus bergamiaPsoralensVomiting, diarrhea, and depression
Bishop's WeedGreater Ammi and False Queen Anne's LaceInsoluble calcium oxalatesOral irritation, excessive drooling, vomiting, and difficulty in swallowing

C

Name of Poisonous PlantOther Names of the PlantToxic ComponentsSymptoms of Consumption
Cardboard PalmCycads and zamiasCycasinVomiting, melena, icterus, thirst, hemorrhagic gastroenteritis, bruising, coagulopathy, damage to liver or even failure, and even death
CarnationPinks, Wild Carnation, and Sweet WilliamPoisonous substance not yet knownMild signs of gastrointestinal problems and dermatitis
CerimanCutleaf Philodendron, Hurricane Plant, Swiss Cheese Plant, and Mexican BreadfruitInsoluble calcium oxalatesOral irritation, drooling, vomiting, difficulty in swallowing
ChamomileManzanilla, Garden Chamomile, Roman Chamomile, True Chamomile, Corn Feverfew, Barnyard Daisy, Ground-apple, and Turkey-weedVolatile oil, bisabolol, chamazulene, anthemic acid, and tannic acidContact dermatitis, vomiting, diarrhea, anorexia, and allergic reactions
CherryPrunus speciesCyanogenic glycosidesBrick red mucous membranes, dilated pupils, difficulty in breathing, panting, and shock

D

Name of Poisonous PlantOther Names of the PlantToxic ComponentsSymptoms of Consumption
DaisyChrysanthemum and MumSesquiterpene, lactones, and pyrethrinsVomiting, diarrhea, hypersalivation, incoordination, and dermatitis
Desert AzaleaDesert Rose, Mock Azalea, Sabi Star, Impala Lily, and Kudu LilyGlycosides and other DigitalisVomiting, diarrhea, anorexia, depression, irregular heartbeat, and may also cause death in extreme cases
DieffenbachiaCharming Dieffenbachia, Giant Dumb Cane, Tropic Snow, Dumbcane, Exotica, Spotted Dumb Cane, Exotica PerfectionInsoluble calcium oxalates and proteolytic enzymeOral irritation, drooling, vomiting, and difficulty in swallowing
DockSorrelSoluble calciumoxalatesKidney failure, tremors, and salivation
DracaenaCorn Plant, Cornstalk Plant, Dragon Tree, and Ribbon PlantSaponinsVomiting, depression, anorexia, hypersalivation, and dilated pupils

E

Name of Poisonous PlantOther Names of the PlantToxic ComponentsSymptoms of Consumption
Emerald FeatherEmerald Fern, Asparagus, Asparagus fern, Sprengeri fern, Plumosa fern, Lace fern, Racemose asparagus, and ShatavariUnknown toxic substancesGastric upset
English HollyEuropean Holly, Oregon Holly, Inkberry, Winterberry, and American HollySaponinsVomiting, diarrhea, and depression
English IvyBranching Ivy, Glacier Ivy, Needlepoint Ivy, Sweetheart Ivy, California IvyTriterpenoid saponins, also known as hederageninVomiting, abdominal pain, hypersalivation, and diarrhea
English YewWestern Yew, Pacific Yew, Japanese Yew, Anglo-Japanese YewTaxine A and B and Volatile oilAcute heart failure and possibility of death
EucalyptusEucalyptolSalivation, vomiting, diarrhea, depression, and weaknessNot verified

F

Name of Poisonous PlantOther Names of the PlantToxic ComponentsSymptoms of Consumption
FigWeeping Fig and Indian Rubber PlantProteolytic enzyme and psoralenOral irritation, salivation, and vomiting
Fire LilyAmaryllis, Barbados Lily, Lily of the Palace, RidderstjerneLycorineVomiting, salvation, diarrhea, and blood pressure
FlagIris, Snake Lily, and Water FlagZeorin, missourin, and missouriensinSalivation, vomiting, drooling, lethargy, and diarrhea
FleabaneShowy Daisy, Horseweed, Seaside DaisyNot knownMild vomiting, diarrhea
Florida BeautyGold dust dracaena and Spotted dracaenaAgavaceaeDilated pupils, breathing difficulty, abdominal pain, increased heart rate, and drooling

G

Name of Poisonous PlantOther Names of the PlantToxic ComponentsSymptoms of Consumption
GarlicStinking rose, Rustic treacle, Comphor of the poor, Nectar of the gods, Serpet garlic, and RocamboleN-propyl disulfideBlood in urine, weakness, high heart rate, panting, and in some cases, vomiting
GladiolaGladiolus speciesUnknownSalivation, vomiting, drooling, lethargy and diarrhea
Gloriosa LilyGlory Lily, Climbing Lily, and Superb LilyColchicineSalivation, vomiting, diarrhea, shock, kidney failure, liver damage, and bone marrow suppression
Golden PothosPothos, Devil's Ivy, Taro Vine, Ivy ArumInsoluble calcium oxalatesOral irritation and vomiting
Ground AppleMayweed, Poison Daisy, Stinking Chamomile, Dog Daisy, Dog Fennel, and ChamomileBisabolol, chamazulene, anthemic acid, and tannic acidVomiting, diarrhea, anorexia, and allergic reactions

H

Name of Poisonous PlantOther Names of the PlantToxic ComponentsSymptoms of Consumption
HashishMarijuana and Indian HempTetrahydrocannabinolProlonged depression, vomiting, and incoordination
HollyEnglish Holly, European Holly, Oregon Holly, Inkberry, Winterberry, and American HollySaponinsVomiting, diarrhea, and depression
HorseweedShowy Daisy, Fleabane, and Seaside DaisyUnknown, not yet discoveredMild vomiting and diarrhea
House PineAustralian Pine, Norfolk Pine, and Norfolk Island PineUnknownVomiting and depression
HyacinthHyacinthus oreintalisNarcissus and other alkaloidsIntense vomiting and diarrhea

I

Name of Poisonous PlantOther Names of the PlantToxic ComponentsSymptoms of Consumption
Indian AppleMayapple, Indian Apple Root, Umbrella Leaf, Wild Lemon, Hog Apple, Duck's Foot, Raccoonberry, and American MandrakePodophyllinVomiting, diarrhea, lethargy, panting, and coma
InkberryEnglish Holly, European Holly, Oregon Holly, American Holly, and WinterberrySaponinsVomiting, diarrhea, and depression
Ivy ArumPothos, Golden Pothos, Taro Vine, and Devil's IvyInsoluble calcium oxalatesOral irritation
IrisFlag, Snake Lily, and Water FlagZeorin, missourin, and missouriensinSalivation, vomiting, drooling, lethargy, and diarrhea
Impala LilyDesert Rose, Mock Azalea, Sabi Star, Desert Azalea, and Kudu LilyGlycosidesVomiting, diarrhea, anorexia, depression, irregular heartbeat, and even death

J

Name of Poisonous PlantOther Names of the PlantToxic ComponentsSymptoms of Consumption
Jade PlantBaby Jade, Dwarf rubber plant, Jade tree, Chinese rubber plant, and Japanese rubber plantUnknownVomiting, depression, ataxia, and slow heart rate
Jack-in-the-pulpitThree-leaved Indian turnip, Devil's dear, Wake robin, Starch wort, Wild turnip, Dragon root, Bog onion, Pepper turnip, Brown dragon, and Memory rootInsoluble calcium oxalatesVomiting and difficulty in swallowing
Japanese Show LilyLilium speciosumUnknownVomiting, inappetence, lethargy, kidney failure, or death

K

Name of Poisonous PlantOther Names of the PlantToxic ComponentsSymptoms of Consumption
Klamath WeedSt. John's WortHypericinPhotosensitization
Kudu LilyDesert Azalea, Mock Azalea, Sabi Star, Impala Lily, Desert RoseGlycosidesVomiting, diarrhea, anorexia, depression, irregular heartbeat, and death
KalanchoeMother-In-Law-Plant, Devils Backbone, Chandelier Plant, and Mother of MillionsBufodienolidesVomiting, diarrhea, and abnormal heart rhythm
Kaffir LilyClivia LilyLycorineVomiting, salvation, diarrhea; large ingestion causes convulsions, low blood pressure, tremors, and cardiac arrhythmia

L

Name of Poisonous PlantOther Names of the PlantToxic ComponentsSymptoms of Consumption
LaurelMountain laurel, Spoonwood, Mountain Ivy, Calico Bush, and Ivy BushGrayanotoxinsVomiting, diarrhea, depression, cardiovascular collapse, hypersalivation, weakness, coma, low blood pressure, and even death
LeatherflowerClematis and Virgin's BowerProtoanemoninSalivation, vomiting, and diarrhea
LeekElephant GarlicN-propyl disulfideVomiting and breakdown of red blood cells
LilyLilium speciesUnknownKidney failure

M

Name of Poisonous PlantOther Names of the PlantToxic ComponentsSymptoms of Consumption
Marble QueenGolden PothosCalcium oxalate crystalsVariable in most of the cases
Medicine PlantAloe, True Aloe, and Barbados AloeAnthraquinones and anthracene glycosides Vomiting and red urine
MilfoilYarrowGlycoalkaloids, monoterpenes, and sesquiterpene lactonesVomiting, diarrhea, depression, anorexia, and hypersalivation
Moss RoseWild Portulaca, Rock Moss, Purslane, Pigwee, and PusleySoluble calcium oxalatesVariable

N

Name of Poisonous PlantOther Names of the PlantToxic ComponentsSymptoms of Consumption
NandinaSacred Bamboo and Heavenly BambooCyanogenic glycosidesWeakness, incoordination, seizures, coma, respiratory failure, and possibility of death
NarcissusDaffodilLycorineVomiting, salvation, diarrhea; large ingestion causes convulsions, low blood pressure, tremors, and cardiac arrhythmia
NicotianaTree Tobacco, Tobacco, and Mustard TreeNicotineHyperexcitability then depression, vomiting, incoordination, paralysis, and death
Norfolk Island PineNorfolk Pine, House Pine, and Australian PineUnknownVomiting and depression

O

Name of Poisonous PlantOther Names of the PlantToxic ComponentsSymptoms of Consumption
OleanderRose BayCardiac glycosidesDiarrhea
OnionAllium cepaN-propyl disulfideGastrointestinal upset
OrangeCitrus sinensisPsoralensVomiting, diarrhea, and depression

P

Name of Poisonous PlantOther Names of the PlantToxic ComponentsSymptoms of Consumption
Peace LilyMauna Loa Peace LilyInsoluble calcium oxalatesOral irritation
PeachPlum, Apricot, and CherryCyanogenic glycosidesDilated pupils, difficulty in breathing, panting, and shock

R

Name of Poisonous PlantOther Names of the PlantToxic ComponentsSymptoms of Consumption
Red LilyLilium umbellatumLilium umbellatumVomiting, inappetence, lethargy, and kidney failure
RosebayRhododendron and AzaleaGrayantoxinVomiting, diarrhea, hypersalivation, weakness, and coma

S

Name of Poisonous PlantOther Names of the PlantToxic ComponentsSymptoms of Consumption
Sprengeri FernAsparagus, Emerald Feather, Emerald Fern, Plumosa FernSapogeninsGastric upset
SowbreadCyclamenTerpenoid saponinsSalivation, vomiting, and diarrhea
Solomon's LilyBlack Calla, Wild Calla, and Wild ArumInsoluble calcium oxalatesOral irritation

T

Name of Poisonous PlantOther Names of the PlantToxic ComponentsSymptoms of Consumption
TaroCaladium, Elephant Ears, Pai, Ape, Cape, Via, Via sori, and MalangaCalcium oxalate crystalsOral irritation and excessive drooling
TulipTulipa speciesTulipalin A and BVomiting, depression, and diarrhea

U

Name of Poisonous PlantOther Names of the PlantToxic ComponentsSymptoms of Consumption
Umbrella TreeSchefflera, Australian Ivy Palm, Octopus Tree, and StarleafTerpenoids, saponins, and insoluble oxalatesMild vomiting and diarrhea

W

Name of Poisonous PlantOther Names of the PlantToxic ComponentsSymptoms of Consumption
Water HemlockCowbane, poison parsnipCicutoxinDiarrhea, seizures, tremors, extreme stomach pain, dilated pupils, fever, and bloat
Weeping FigFig and Indian rubber plantProteolytic enzymeVariable

Y

Name of Poisonous PlantOther Names of the PlantToxic ComponentsSymptoms of Consumption
YarrowMilfoilGlycoalkaloidsVomiting, diarrhea, depression, anorexia, and also hypersalivation
Yew PineBuddhist pineUnknownSevere vomiting
YuccaNoneSaponinsLiver disease

Cat Grass
Your cat, at the same time, needs a lot of nutrients that are present in the parts and leaves of these plants. Hence, many pet shops have started providing cat owners with a potted plant that is known as 'cat grass'. Cat grass is basically a plant that contains all the nutrients, like fibers, vitamins, and minerals, that are needed by the cats. It is better to have cat grass which can be kept as an outdoor or indoor plant. Plants that are poisonous to cats are not always fatal and at times, the cats themselves eject the toxic substances through vomit.

Now that you know the name and description of outdoor and indoor plants that are poisonous to cats, you can keep your feline friend away from these. A precaution that you must follow while purchasing any plant from the nursery, is to confirm whether it is poisonous to any pets or not.
Advertisement