When bacteria enter the urinary tract through urethra and multiply in the bladder, it can lead to UTI. It is more common in females, because of a shorter urinary tract and weaker sphincter muscles. Generally, cats are more prone to UTI than dogs.
It is mainly caused by the bacteria, Escherichia coli. Other causative agents are Proteus mirabilis, Pseudomonas, Enterococcus, and Klebsiella. Bladder tumor, bladder cancer, and abnormalities of the urinary tract can increase the risk of this infection. Kidney stone causes a blockage of urinary tract, leading to this condition.
According to some researchers, UTI in cats and dogs is associated with their diet. Commercial dry pet foods may be contaminated with bacteria, which can cause infection. Inadequate food storage and unhealthy feeding practices can lead to multiplication of E. coli.
There are two types of urinary tract infection. Upper UTI causes the symptoms such as vomiting, weight loss, and anorexia. The signs and symptoms of a lower UTI are related to abnormalities in urination. This includes trouble and extreme pain during urinating. The frequency of urination is increased. There is straining while urinating and localized pain.
The urine is cloudy and foul-smelling; there may be the presence of blood in it (hematuria). Some other symptoms of UTI are tender lower abdominal area, fever, fatigue, lethargy, and loss of appetite. When you notice these symptoms in your pet, you should immediately take it to the veterinarian.
The diagnosis is made with the help of physical examination, medical history, and symptoms. The veterinarian performs a thorough physical examination, including palpation of abdomen. The medical history includes the questions about the reproductive status of your pet, water consumption, previous medications, illness, or changes in urination.
Urinalysis is done to determine the presence of bacteria, red blood cells, white blood cells, and crystals. Excessively alkaline urine indicates the possibility of UTI. Culture and sensitivity of urine are performed to identify the causative agent.
This infection is treated with a course of antibiotics. In case of severe or persistent cases, catheterization or surgery may be required. It can be treated with some herbal remedies. Goldenrod Horsetail compound is the herbal tincture, which can help soothe the irritating symptoms of UTI.
To prevent such health problems, you should take good care of your pet; its health will depend upon the amount of attention you spend on its nutrition and other health-related issues. Along with this, ensure that you spend ample time and give your pet plenty of exercise to keep it happy and healthy forever.