Other than their docile and affectionate nature, what wins these cats favor with many is the fact that their calm and laid back attitude often emanates a dignified grace. These quiet cats are moderately active and easily blend with a family having children and pets, which has made this breed a very popular option for household pets. Let's learn more about the Persian cats' physical features and special care required for their upkeep. But first, a little about the breed's origins.
Persian cats are one of the oldest cat breeds known to man. However, there isn't a clear picture available about their origin or early history. Nevertheless, it is most widely accepted that the early breeds came from Turkey and Persia (Iran). It is the Italian traveler Pietro della Valle who is credited with bringing the first Persian cats to Europe in the early 17th century. This breed soon became popular in Europe. However, they arrived in America only in the late 19th century.
What strikes one about the appearance of Persian cats is their flat face and round, wide head. These flat-faced Persian cats are quite a contrast to the pictures of the older ones - the doll-faced Persian cats, that had a more pronounced muzzle. The increasingly flat face is the result of selective breeding which has also allowed breeders to develop a greater variety as far as coat colors are concerned. Another attractive aspect of the personality of Persian cats is their beautiful and thick, long flowing coat of fur. These are medium to large-sized cats with a broad, muscular body and short, thick legs. They have a short, thick neck and broad chest. They have a large, mostly-round head with a pair of lucid, expressive eyes set wide apart. They have small ears that are set low on their heads. As far as their coat color is concerned, there is great variety. From solid colors to the bicolor varieties, these cats come in many coat colors.
Persian cats are very affectionate and docile. They love attention and like to be played around with. Though they are not very demanding, they love to be petted and would often want to sit on the lap of the owner. They are good pets for the family as they are very adaptable and accommodating. Persian cats do not mind change. They are good with other pets and children. They get attached to family members and may show special attachment to a particular individual in the house. Even though playful and naughty, Persian cats do not like to climb or jump very high. These are very responsive cats that are usually the quiet kind. Despite their easygoing demeanor, a Persian cat hates to be left alone. In case you have to leave your cat home for a long period of time, be sure that you have another pet to keep this feline company. Despite the unique personality, it is always advisable to have a general idea about the Persian cats' behavior. This is especially important for those who are considering adopting cats for the first time.
The long-haired coat of Persian cats that is so adored by most cat lovers is the same aspect that needs special care. The long hair requires constant grooming. It needs to be brushed daily. You also need to bathe your cat once every month. Without proper care, the same coat, which can also be credited to the cat's popularity, tends to mat excessively. In such a case, one would require the help of a professional. A Persian cat's eyes are another aspect that requires special care. The eyes should be cleaned daily as the shape of the face causes eye drainage problems. Another growing health concern regarding this breed of cats is the incidence of the polycystic kidney disease that is more common among Persian cats than any other cat breed. This is believed to be the result of selective breeding.
A complete knowledge of the Persian cats' personality, health problems, and general care is very important for proper pet care and to enjoy the companionship of this cat that was once considered the most 'royal' of all cat breeds.