Cats are well-known for their keen sense of hearing and the ability to see at night. Not just are they armed with excellent memory, but are also very good at behavioral communication. They learn by observation and experience, and convey their feeling by resorting to behavioral changes. If you really love your pet cat, you won't find it difficult to catch the slightest change in its behavior, which can very well be a sign of some underlying illness.
Like humans, even cats suffer from various health problems, including heart diseases, kidney problems, skin problems, hormonal disorders, digestive system diseases, stress, eye problems, and so on. Not only medication, but a lot of love and affection is what is required to ensure a speedy recovery of your pet. A normal healthy cat can live for about 15 years, and when we talk about the health of your cat, the care that you provide has a crucial role to play.
List of Common Cat Diseases and Symptoms
|Category||Name of The Disease||Symptoms||Treatment|
|Eye Disease||Cat eye discharge||Pus-like sticky mucus or clear-watery discharge, reddened eye||Allergy treated with hydrocotisone medication, bacterial infection treated with antibiotics and ointments, fungal infection treated with antifungal medication|
|Eye Disease||Glaucoma||Squinting, redness of the pupil, or one pupil appearing larger than the other||Proper medication|
|Eye Disease||Cataracts||Opaque eye lens, light does not reach retina||Lens transplant surgery|
|Eye Disease||Neonatal conjunctivitis||Formation of crust sealing the eyelids of kitten, bulging eyes||Boric acid eyewash|
|Eye Disease||Iris melanoma||Changed iris color, black spot in the eye, thickening of iris||Medication, or removal of the eye|
|Eye Disease||Blindness in cats||Stress and hypertension, dilated pupils, bloody eye chambers||Proper medication, stress removal therapy, lots of love and attention|
|Viral Disease||Feline herpes||Reddened eye, eye discharge, running nose, fever, drooling, loss of appetite||Proper medication, herpes vaccination|
|Heart Disease||Heart murmur in cats||Vet can detect other abnormal sounds apart from the normal pumping of the heart (replacing the normal 'lub-dub' sound with a 'whosh' sound), sudden weight loss, lethargy, pale gums, improper growth in kitten, loss of appetite, abnormal breathing||Proper medication, care|
|Heart Disease||Cardiomyopathy in cats||Inactive cat, poor appetite, bony back, enlarged liver, panting||Proper medication to alleviate the thyroid, radioactive iodine therapy or thyroid surgery, ACE inhibitors to improve cardiac function|
|Body Disease||Parasites in cats||Weight loss, diarrhea, and bloody, tarry stools, unhealthy fur coat, pot bellied appearance, vomiting, loss of appetite, spaghetti-like worms observed in vomit or feces, and bacterial pneumonia||Oral de-worming medication, proper food|
|Body Disease||Arthritis||Limping, stiffness in limb, reluctance to walk or jump, swollen or enlarged joints, visible pain and discomfort||Anti-inflammatory drugs and pain killers, glucosamine and chondroitin, use of heating pad on the affected joint|
|Body Disease||Cat sores in neck, mouth, chin, lips, legs||Scratching of skin leading to bald patches and reddened skin, increased irritability, acnes on chin, ulcerated appearance of the sore||Application of antibiotic ointment and oral medication, proper attention to cat health|
|Body Disease||Paralysis in cats||Paralyzed limbs or laryngeal muscles collapse leading to change in voice, difficulty in breathing while eating||Proper medication according to the causes of paralysis|
|Body Disease||Feline diabetes||Sudden weight loss or gain, excessive thirst and urination, weakness, dehydration, loss of appetite or increased appetite, and breathing problems||Change in diet, high fiber diet, and proper medication|
|Skin Disease||Hair loss in cats||Excessive hair loss causing bald patches on the skin, skin may appear red with small bumps and blisters.||Proper medication according to the underlying disease, providing balanced diet, controlling stress and anxiety|
|Skin Disease||Cat dandruff||Dry, flaky skin, hair loss, itching||Proper medication, providing nutritious cat food, maintaining humidity at home|
|Hormonal Disorder||Cushing's disease||Excessive thirst and eating, frequent urination, panting, muscle weakness, enlarged liver||Depending on the underlying cause, herbal medicines to maintain cortisol levels|
Cats are loving, friendly, and loyal. So, it goes without saying that you should take care of your cat very well, so that it can lead a healthy and stress-free life.